by Dr. Carol JVF Burns (website creator)
Follow along with the highlighted text while you listen!

Let $\,a\,$, $\,b\,$ and $\,c\,$ be real numbers, with $\,a\ne 0\,$.
A quadratic equation is an equation of the form:
$$ax^2 + bx + c = 0$$

• A quadratic equation is, first and foremost, an equation.
It must have an ‘$\,=\,$’ sign.
• When mathematicians say ‘an equation of the form ...’
they really mean ‘an equation that can be put in the form ...’

by using the two primary equation-solving tools:
• A quadratic equation must have an $\,x^2\,$ term.
This is what $\,a\ne 0\,$ tells us.
• A quadratic equation is allowed (but not required) to have an $\,x\,$ term.
The coefficient $\,b\,$ might be zero, which means the $\,x\,$ term is gone.
• A quadratic equation is allowed (but not required) to have a constant term.
(Recall that a constant term is just a number—no variables.)
The constant term, $\,c\,$, might be zero.

So, to check if an equation is a quadratic equation,
you want to make two passes through it (both sides):

• Does it have an $\,x^2\,$ term appearing somewhere?
If not, then it's not a quadratic equation.
Note: it can have lots of $\,x^2\,$ terms!
• The only other two term types that are allowed are $\,x\,$ terms and constants terms.
(For example: no $\,x^3\,$ terms, no variables inside square roots, no variables in denominators, and so on.)
So, sweep across the equation and look for anything other than $\,x\,$ terms and constant terms.
If you find any, then it's not a quadratic equation.

EXAMPLES:

In this exercise, you will practice identifying quadratic equations.

Question: Is $\,x^2 = x + 4\,$ a quadratic equation?
Solution:
Does it have an $\,x^2\,$ term?   Check!
Anything other than $\,x\,$ terms or constant terms?   Nope.   Check!
YES, it is a quadratic equation.
Question: Is $\,3x - 4 = x + 1\,$ a quadratic equation?
Solution:
Does it have an $\,x^2\,$ term?   Nope.
So, it's not a quadratic equation.
Question: Is $\,x - 2x^2 = 1 + x^5\,$ a quadratic equation?
Solution:
Does it have an $\,x^2\,$ term?   Check!
Anything other than $\,x\,$ terms or constant terms?   Oops.
Quadratic equations are not allowed to have an $\,x^5\,$ term.
So, it's not a quadratic equation.
Master the ideas from this section