# Web Monetization 100+20 Option: Read-Thru by Web Creator, with Highlighted Text

by Dr. Carol JVF Burns (website creator)
Follow along with the highlighted text while you listen!

Are you thinking about using COIL to monetize your website? Fantastic! Let's work together to break the annoying ad/subscription model that currently prevails.

In keeping with COIL's 100+20 recommendation, you might be looking for something extra to offer your COIL-subscribed users. How about an audio read-thru by you (the web creator), with highlighted text? This page, itself, is a sample of what a read-thru might look like. (If you haven't already done so, click the PLAY button in the green box above!) I also give complete instructions on how to do it, using basic HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

Of course, there are lots of text-to-voice options available on the web. But—in my humble opinion—nothing can compare to you, the web creator, reading your own material. When users hear your voice, it increases their connection to you. It personalizes the page. Your reading (and your reading alone) can give the nuanced inflections intended with the written words. I think it would be really cool to have a web filled with millions of different pages read by their own creators.

As you scan through the ‘how-to’ steps below, it may look like a lot of work. The first time you do it, it will likely take a few hours. But, after you've done it once (and have the code and helper file at-your-fingertips), it's easy. I should know! I've used this flow hundreds of times for all my math lessons!

For this page, I only chose to ‘read through’ these first few paragraphs, since my intention is merely to provide a sample of how it works!

# HOW TO DO IT

## STEP 1: Create stable web page content

This option won't work for a web page with frequently-changing content. You don't want to keep making new recordings!

You need to be able to edit your own HTML page, and then make that page ‘live’ with your changes (i.e., upload it to your server). You do NOT need to be an expert with HTML, CSS, or JavaScript! You'll just highlight-copy-paste little snippets of code that I'll give you, and make desired changes.

## STEP 3: Record yourself reading the page content

I use the free Windows Voice Recorder. You don't need anything fancy: just start recording, stop recording, and save. I prefer to say ‘hello’ at the beginning and ‘bye’ at the end, but that's of course up to you. Be sure to remember where you save the audio file and what you name it, because you'll need this filename/location info in a moment.

## STEP 4: Put in the CSS styling info

Highlight-copy-paste the following code into the <head></head> container of your HTML page. If you already have a <style> container, then just add in these two style entries. The style entry #audioRecordingDiv controls the appearance of the div that holds the audio player, and #audioPlayer controls the audio player itself.


<style type="text/css">

#audioRecordingDiv {
background-color: lightgreen;
margin-bottom: 5px;
margin-left: auto;
margin-right: auto;
text-align: center;
width: 70%;
}

#audioPlayer {
}

</style>


Most of this is self-explanatory—change the style to make it your own. The ‘margin-left: auto;’ and ‘margin-right: auto;’ centers your (less-than-full-width) div in the browser window.

## STEP 5: Put in the div with the audio player

Highlight-copy-paste the code below to the desired location inside the <body></body> container of your HTML page. I personally put it immediately after the main heading. Make appropriate changes to the code (see table below).


<div id="audioRecordingDiv" data-nosnippet="true">
<audio id="audioPlayer" controls>
<source src="audioRecordingByWebCreator.m4a" type="audio/mp4" />
Your browser does not support the audio element.
</audio><br />
by Dr. Carol JVF Burns (website creator)<br />
Follow along with the highlighted text while you listen!
</div>


### Comments and Required Code Changes

 
‘ data-nosnippet="true" ’ tells Google not to include any contents of this div in its search results. You probably don't want (say) ‘lesson read-through’ showing up as a description of this page.  Here's a good discussion of the audio tag. The  controls  attribute specifies that audio controls (like the play button) should be displayed. The text inside the  container is only displayed in browsers that do not support the audio element.   Change the filename (shown in red) to match the name/extension of your audio file. This example assumes that the HTML page and the audio file are in exactly the same folder in your directory structure. If not, you'll need to adjust the path accordingly.  LESSON READ-THROUGH
by Dr. Carol JVF Burns (website creator)
Follow along with the highlighted text while you listen!  Change this as desired. Note that  ‘
’  gives a line break.

## Step 6: Put in the JavaScript that does the magic

Highlight-copy-paste the code below into your HTML page, just before the closing body tag (</body>). You don't need to worry about most of this code. (If you know JavaScript, it should be easy to see what it's doing.) There are only three tiny parts that you'll need (or perhaps want) to adjust, which are shown in red below.


<script type="text/javascript">

// timeMat = []; // you'll insert the time matrix in Step 9

var audio1 = document.getElementById("audioPlayer");

for (var i = 0; i < (timeMat.length - 1); i++) {
if (audio1.currentTime >= timeMat[i] && audio1.currentTime < timeMat[i + 1]) {
document.getElementById("s" + i).style.backgroundColor = "yellow"; // change if you want a different highlighting color for the read-thru
} else {
document.getElementById("s" + i).style.backgroundColor = "transparent";
}
}

});

// beginning of SectionToBeRemovedAfterTimeMatrixIsInserted

function alternateHighlighting(startSpan, endSpan) {
for (i = startSpan; i <= endSpan; i = i + 2) {
var spanID1 = "s" + i;
var spanID2 = "s" + (i + 1);
var span1 = document.getElementById(spanID1);
var span2 = document.getElementById(spanID2);
if (span1) {
span1.style.backgroundColor = "yellow";
}
if (span2) {
span2.style.backgroundColor = "orange";
}
}
}

alternateHighlighting(0, 100); // this number must be >= your # of chunks (Step 7)

// end of SectionToBeRemovedAfterTimeMatrixIsInserted

</script>


## STEP 7: Mark the ‘chunks’ of your page content that will be highlighted as you read

This is the tedious part of the process. Starting at the top of your content, and continuing to the end, indicate the ‘chunks’ of content that you want highlighted as you read. You can use either  <span></span>  or  <div></div>  containers, as appropriate. They will have identifiers s0, s1, s2, and so on. For example, here is what the first few lines of content for this web page look like (where the containers appear in red):


<h1>
<span id="s0">
Web Monetization 100+20 Option:<br />
Read-Thru by Web Creator, with Highlighted Text
</span>
</h1>

...

<p>
<span id="s1">Are you thinking about using <a href="https://coil.com">COIL</a> to monetize your website?</span>
<span id="s2">Fantastic!</span>
<span id="s3">Let's work together to break the annoying ad/subscription model that currently prevails.</span>
</p>



I use Visual Studio to edit my source code. Here's a free download for Visual Studio Community. It offers some time-saving shortcuts:

• Click-and-drag to highlight a desired ‘chunk’.
• Shift-Alt-W encloses the highlighted chunk in a  <div></div>  container.
• Erase the ‘div’ and type in the desired span info.
I tend to mark complete sentences, although a long sentence might get broken into two or more pieces.

If you have more than $\,100\,$ chunks, then you must increase the number in this line of the JavaScript code:
 alternateHighlighting(0, 100); 
The number needs to be greater than or equal to your number of chunks.

After you've marked your chunks, saved your changes, and re-loaded your page in a browser, you'll see your chunks alternately highlighted yellow/orange (see image below). (If you don't see the highlighting immediately, then refresh the page.) Keep this browser page with the alternate highlighting open—you'll use it in Step 9.

## STEP 8: Create and save a helper file: AudioTextSync.htm

As the user listens to you reading your content, you want each chunk that is currently being spoken to be highlighted. So, we need to associate the chunks (marked in Step 7) with appropriate locations in the audio file (created in Step 3). To do this, we need a helper file:
• Create a new HTML file, using the code below. As needed, you can just highlight-copy-paste the code into any text editor (like Notepad on Windows), and then save as indicated next.
• Save it as  AudioTextSync.htm , in the same folder as your web page and audio file.
It's important that the extension (the letters after the dot) is ‘htm’ (or ‘html’), so it will be recognized as an HTML file.
• Change the filename shown in red below to match your audio, and save the changes.
• Open this helper file in a browser—you can just double-click it in your directory structure.
You'll see something like this (below).
Keep this window open—you'll use it in the next step.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<meta charset="utf-8" />
<title>Audio/Text Sync</title>

<body>

<div>
<audio id="audioPlayer" controls>
<source src="audioRecordingByWebCreator.m4a" type="audio/mp4" />
Your browser does not support the audio element.
</audio>
</div>

<div id="putTimesHere"></div>

<script type="text/javascript">

audio1 = document.getElementById("audioPlayer");
paragraph = document.getElementById("putTimesHere");
paragraph.textContent = "timeMat = [0";

// When you press the "a" key, it writes out the current time of the recording.
// When you press the "z" key, it writes out the last time and closes the array.
// Use this for listening to an audio file and getting the correct times for each chunk of content.
if (e.keyCode == 65) { // this is the "a" key
paragraph.textContent += "," + Math.round(10 * audioPlayer.currentTime) / 10;
}
if (e.keyCode == 90) { // this is the "z" key
paragraph.textContent += "," + Math.round(10 * audioPlayer.currentTime) / 10 + "];";
}
});

</script>

</body>
</html>


## STEP 9: Use  AudioTextSync.htm  to sync your audio file and content chunks

• Put your helper file and web page side-by-side in your browser, like this:

• Start playing the audio in AudioTextSync.htm.
While it's playing, look over at your alternately-highlighted chunks.
Press ‘a’ (lowercase ‘a’) on your keyboard at the END of your reading of each highlighted chunk.
(The different colors help you to easily distinguish one chunk from the next.)
Each time you press ‘a’, you'll see a number (which is the timestamp at that instant in your audio file) appear in the  timeMat  matrix.

You may need to momentarily move your cursor over to your web page (on the right) to scroll the content.
However, BE SURE to move your cursor back to the  AudioTextSync.htm  side (on the left) before you press ‘a’!
• At the end of the LAST CHUNK (which, for me, is: ‘since my intention is merely to provide a sample of how it works!’), instead of pressing ‘a’, you need to press ‘z’.
This puts in the final time, the closing bracket, and the semicolon.
You should now be looking at something like this in  AudioTextSync.htm :

• Highlight-copy-paste the time matrix code into the appropriate place in your web page JavaScript code.
If it's long, feel free to put breaks (just press ‘Enter’) after any comma(s).
Your JavaScript code (the top part) will now look something like this:

## STEP 10: Remove ‘SectionToBeRemovedAfterTimeMatrixIsInserted’ from your JavaScript code

You no longer want the alternating yellow/orange highlighting on your page—its purpose has been served! So, comment out the ‘SectionToBeRemovedAfterTimeMatrixIsInserted’ code from your JavaScript, by putting it between ‘/*’ and ‘*/’. Then, save your changes.

If you want, you can just delete it. However, if you find yourself doing another future read-thru, then you'll need it again!

## STEP 11: Test your page!

Refresh your web page in the browser, and test it out! When you play your audio, you should see the text following right along. Be sure to upload it your server. Enjoy!